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Parbatipur Upazila (dinajpur district) with an area of 395.10 sq km, bounded by saidpur upazila on the north, phulbari (Dinajpur) upazila on the south, badarganj upazila on the east, chirirbandar upazila on the west. Main rivers are Chirnal, Kharkhari, Little Jamuna; Dhalbari Beel is notable.

Parbatipur (Town) consists of 9 wards and 36 mahallas. The area of the town is 9.73 sq km. It has a population of 28179; male 51.74%, female 48.26%. The density of population is 2896 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 32.3%. The town is well known as a relatively large centre for wholesale and retail trade. There is a railway workshop near the town. The town has two dakbungalows.

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Administration Parbatipur thana was established in 1800 and was turned into an upazila in 1983. It consists of 13 union parishads, 194 mouzas and 230 villages.

Archaeological heritage and relics Mosque (roof made of china clay, early nineteenth century) and Habra Zamindar Bari (eighteenth century).

Historical events A large number of non-Bengali Muslims, coming from India during the Partition of 1947, had settled in Parbatipur; later they formed a very influential community. During the War of Liberation members of this Urdu-speaking community, in collaboration with the Pakistan army, killed many Bangalees.

Marks of War of Liberation Mass graveyard at Rahamatnagar; Ibrahim Nagar, Abbas Nagar, Muzaffar Nagar have been named after martyr freedom fighters.

Population 270904; male 51.46% and female 48.54%; Muslim 84.49%, Hindu 13.86% and Christian 0.41%, others 1.24%; ethnic nationals: Santal 305 families.

Religious institutions Mosque 298, temple 9, church 1, sacred place 1.

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 29.7%; male 37.2% and female 21.7%. Educational institutions: college 11, high school 60, madrasa 35, government primary school 104, private primary school 81, satellite school 24, community school 11, vocational training institute 1, B Ed college 1; noted educational institutions: Habra Government Primary School, Mission Primary School (1842), Ganankur Pilot High School (1925) and Parbatipur Pilot Girl's High School.

Locally published newspapers and periodicals The Weekly Dinajpurer Kagaj and the Monthly Unmesh.

Cultural organisations Public library 1, rural club 32, theatre group 7, women's organisation 1, drama stage 2, literary organisation 2 and circus party 1.

Main occupations Agriculture 37.85%, agricultural labourer 32.22%, wage labourer 2.42%, commerce 11.19%, service 7.7%, others 8.62%.

Land use Cultivable land 55971.27 hectare, fallow land 295.03 hectare; single crop 20%, double crop 65% and treble crop land 15%. Cultivable land under irrigation 90%.

Land control Among the peasants 23% are landless, 32% small, 27% medium, 18% rich; per capita cultivable land 0.25 hectare.

Value of land Market value of land of first grade is approximately Tk 7500 per 0.01 hectare.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, jute, potato, vegetables, onion, garlic.

Extinct and nearly extinct crops Sesame, kaun, linseed, betel leaf, ginger, turmeric.

Main fruits Mango, banana, jackfruit, blackberry, papaya.

Dairies, poultry Poultry 19, dairy 2.

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 60.km, semi pucca 41 km and mud road 785 km; railway 45 km; railway junction 1.

Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), bullock cart and horse carriage (nearly extinct), boat.

Manufactories Flour mill 3, ice factory 6, automatic rice mill 1, railway (locomotive) workshop 1.

Cottage industries Weaving 22, bamboo work 135, goldsmith 27, blacksmith 56, potteries 349, wood work 151, tailoring 380 and welding 25.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 17, noted of which are Bura, Habra, Khayerpukur, Bhabanipur, Ambari, Jashai and Bashir Baniyar Hat; noted fairs are Parbatipur College ground, Ambari and Barapukuria.

Main exports Banana, blackberry, paddy, rice, wheat.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are grameen bank, brac, proshika, caritas, Thengamara Sabuj Sangha, Gram Bikash, Come to Work and GRAUJUKS (Grameen Unnayan Jubo Kalyan Samiti).

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, government railway hospital 1, union health and family planning centre 10, satellite clinic 3. [Ansar Ali Sarker]

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